Diet (nutrition) for pancreatitis requires a special approach, as patients need a certain diet aimed at relieving the excess load on the pancreas. Otherwise, patients immediately feel discomfort from the affected organ: blood sugar levels may rise, abdominal pain and nausea may occur. vomiting, fever, etc.
At first, the life of a person with pancreatitis seems incredibly difficult. In fact, until recently, his eating habits were completely different and now you have to control absolutely everything you eat. And the change in the usual diet (five times a day) makes itself felt. It adds a negative connotation and a ban to many products that were addicted before the disease
Unfortunately, pancreatitis is a rather serious disease, and without a strict diet and constant treatment, people invariably die.
Basic nutritional principles
The diet for pancreatitis should meet the following principles:
Power frequency: if you use the portions a little more often than usual, the work of the digestive system will normalize The pancreas will begin to get used to it at a certain time for the production of a secret that will go to digest the food and not digest the gland itself
It should also be noted that with multiple meals, the intraductal pressure returns to normal, which means that the risk of sand and stone formation in the gland ducts will be significantly reduced.
Fractional nutrition:Do not eat large portions of food. Even if the feeling of hunger is very strong, it is still better to divide it into several tricks. This is necessary so that only the dose for which the enzyme will be produced in adequate quantities enters the digestive tract.
Shredded food: to avoid unnecessary provocative situations, the food must be grated - in this case the gastric mucosa is not irritated and the nutrient absorption process is better
Balanced diet: for the balance of nutrients, it is necessary to increase the protein component - this can be done by increasing the amount of dairy, fish and meat products
With an increase in protein in the diet (about 150 grams), it is necessary to reduce the intake of carbohydrates. The body should receive no more than 300 grams. per day.
You should pay special attention to sugar and honey and especially refuse them, as they are leaders in carbohydrate content.
Animal fats are also undesirable in the diet, as they are difficult to digest. The body should receive no more than 80 grams per day.
It is especially worth considering products such as cabbage broths, fish or meat broths - these products increase the production of pancreatic enzymes, which should work as sparingly as possible.
Therapeutic fasting:in cases where the pancreas is felt by the pain of the left hypochondrium, therapeutic fasting is useful - abstaining from any food for a period of about 1-1, 5 days
With an attack of acute pancreatitis, the doctor prescribes rest and abstinence from any food, after which an individual diet is developed, according to which the patient will eat in the future
Depending on the stage of the disease, such nutrition can be extended, both for several months and for several years.
With pancreatitis, you can use: first and second degree baked goods, dried crackers
From first courses it is preferable to use light soups cooked in chicken broth. Vegetable and pasta soups, as well as soups with cereals, are suitable for this purpose.
For the second, you can use steamed meat dishes: cutlets, rolls, meatballs
Fish is an indispensable component of dietary nutrition, therefore, it must also be consumed in boiled or steamed form;
It is best to make an omelette with eggs; be sure to use dairy products: cheese, cottage cheese, milk, kefir
When eating fats, the emphasis is on vegetable fats: olive and sunflower oil;
It is necessary to try to eat as much fiber and foods containing micro and macro elements as possible, as they are easily absorbed by the body
The main source of fiber are vegetables: zucchini, squash, beets, carrots, potatoes
A complete warehouse of micro and macro elements are the various cereals. Especially useful are oatmeal, buckwheat, pearl barley, rice, semolina.
From these cereals you can make cereals in milk. Pasta is also not prohibited.
The diet of a patient with pancreatitis may contain baked fruit: pears, unsweetened apples, etc.
From drinks you can drink rosehip broth, green tea, jelly, dried fruit compote
The pancreatitis diet imposes some restrictions on the use of certain foods
With pancreatitis, soups with strong broths, especially meat, fish, cabbage broths, should not be used.
It is not recommended to eat fatty meat and fish;
From vegetables, cabbage, radishes, turnip, sorrel, rutabaga, spinach, radishes, as well as fried, spicy and sour dishes (sauces, seasonings) are prohibited
Pasta with butter and rye bread, ice cream, preserves, sweets, chocolate, juices are contraindicated; alcohol
Self-control in nutrition should occupy a huge place in the patient's life.
To better adhere to the diet, it is necessary to draw up a menu for every day. and with a breakdown by reception time
The day should include the following:
- Afternoon snack
The daily ration should be based on the above principles.
The dose size can be reduced, but preferably not increased
Dishes should be neither hot nor cold - on average + 45-60 degrees C.
Breakfast: for breakfast you can eat two white crackers (dry, but not fried; one hundred grams of mashed potatoes; a glass of natural mineral water
Lunch: two egg omelette; in addition to the omelette - a small steamed cutlet with a slice of white bread. All this is washed down with a glass of milk
Dinner: a small portion (you can buy a 250 g bowl) of soup on light chicken broth, with a slice of white bread; a piece of boiled fish (cod, zander) with boiled zucchini as a side dish, a tablespoon of raisins, 1 glass of tomato juice
Afternoon snack: you can eat light meals, as a snack - a glass of gelatin or mineral water without gas
Dinner: half a scoop of oatmeal, steamed cutlet, with a slice of white bread, 1 glass of milk tea
Breakfast: oatmeal, a slice of boiled lean beef with a slice of white bread; a glass of natural mineral water
Lunch: ricotta pudding, with a slice of white bread, a couple of tablespoons of applesauce, a glass of green tea
Dinner: a bowl of vegetable puree, a small steamed cutlet; pumpkin porridge, lightly dusted with sugar; a slice of bread with cheese; a glass of tea
Afternoon snack: two to three small meatballs, 5 tablespoons of carrot puree and fermented milk yogurt
Dinner: a slice of meatloaf with mashed potatoes; ricotta pudding and a slice of bread; 1 glass of gelatin or a glass of green tea
Breakfast: a two-egg omelette with a slice of white bread; 1 glass of milk
Lunch:a piece of boiled fish with buckwheat porridge (small amount); a slice of white bread spread with apple sauce; a glass of tea with milk
Dinner: milk paste - 1 bowl; a slice of meatloaf (steamed) with white bread. To garnish - stewed vegetables; some steamed dried apricots and lightly sweetened tea
Afternoon snack: a small steamed cutlet with a small amount of boiled rice; a slice of white bread with a glass of kefir;
Dinner: stewed vegetables (zucchini) with potatoes - 1/2 bowl; small meatballs; Ricotta custard; bread with tea
Breakfast: half a bowl of oatmeal in milk, a crouton with weak tea
Lunch: chicken cutlet with stewed vegetables; a glass of kefir with a slice of bread and a slice of cheese
Dinner: noodle soup cooked in a weak broth; boiled meat and some boiled potatoes; a glass of milk or jelly with bread
Afternoon snack: a slice of boiled fish with vegetables; a slice of bread with applesauce and green tea
Dinner: a piece of (small) boiled with rice; a glass of milk with bread, you can rosehip broth
Breakfast: two egg omelette; a glass of jelly with a slice of stale white bread
Lunch: steamed cutlet with vegetables; a few raisins or a few pieces of steamed dried apricots; slice of cheese with tea
Dinner: soup in a weak broth, it is possible with potatoes and buckwheat; a piece of lean boiled meat with pasta (the whole should not take more than half a measuring spoon); low-fat cottage cheese, lightly sprinkled with sugar, a glass of green tea
Afternoon snack: meatballs or meatballs with stewed vegetables; a glass of dried fruit compote with bread
Dinner: beetroot salad (grated beets with apples); steamed cutlet; kefir with bread
Breakfast: oatmeal with milk, bread with cheese and tea
Lunch: boiled egg, stewed vegetables and steamed cutlet; cottage cheese pudding, raisins with tea and bread
Dinner: soup in a weak broth; boiled fish with potatoes or vegetables; quarter bowl of gelatin; kefir with bread
Afternoon snack: boiled beef with porridge; a glass of rosehip broth with bread;
Dinner: cutlet with vegetables; 1 glass of milk, with bread and cheese
Breakfast: two egg omelette, tea and bread with cheese
Lunch: boiled fish or meat with a side of stewed vegetables; dried fruit compote with bread
Dinner: soup in a weak broth; 2 small cutlets with pasta; cottage cheese pudding with tea
Afternoon snack: porridge with milk with cereals, raisins or dried apricots; 1 glass of natural mineral water
Dinner: steamed cutlet with vegetables; beet salad; decoction of jelly or rose hips, a glass of tomato juice
If you have problems with feeding, you need to contact a nutritionist and correct the table.
Of course, such a menu is very approximate and does not take into account the individual physiological characteristics of the body.
Considering that allergic reactions to many food products have recently worsened, you should not 100% trust such a diet
If all the components are suitable for you, you can try to write down your feelings every day: - there is a feeling of hunger or vice versa - oversaturation, there are feelings of discomfort in the stomach (heaviness, bloating, flatulence), there is adeterioration of state (dizziness, reduced performance, distraction), mental attitude (appearance of depression, apathy, feeling of inferiority)
Such observations will allow you to further adjust your diet and your views on your health.